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Get a prespecified set of 9 colors, or a set of graded or random, potentially grouped colors.


splot.color(x = NULL, by = NULL, seed = "pastel", brightness = 0,
  luminance = 0, opacity = 1, extend = 0.7, lighten = FALSE,
  shuffle = FALSE, flat = TRUE, method = "scale", grade = FALSE,
  decreasing = FALSE, nas = "#000000")



dictates the number and shade of colors. If a single value, returns that many samples of the first seed entry. If a vector, returns a color for each entry. If numeric, a single seed color is sampled in order of the vector. If a character or factor, a separate seed color is assigned to each level, then sampled within levels. Values or vectors in a list are each assigned a seed color.


a vector to group x by; each level is assigned a seed color.


a vector of color names or codes to adjust from, lining up with levels of x or by, or the name of a palette, partially matching 'bright', 'dark', 'pastel', or 'grey'.


adjusts the RGB values of the seed color, usually between -1 and 1.


adjusts the white levels of the seed color, usually between -1 and 1.


sets the opacity of the seed color, between 0 and 1.


if method='scale', extends the range of the gradient beyond the sampled range, making for more similar colors (defaults is .5, with 0 sampling the full range). If method='related', increases the amount any of the RGB values can be adjusted, making for potentially more different colors (default is 2).


logical; if TRUE, scaled colors are lightened instead of darkened. Only applicable if method='scale'.


logical; if TRUE, scaled colors are shuffled. Only applicable if method='scale'.


logical; if FALSE and x is a character, factor, or list, or by is not missing, a list is returned.


a character setting the sampling method: If 'related' ('^rel|^ran|^o'), RGB values are freely adjusted, resulting in similar colors. If 'none' ('^no|^f|^bin'), Seed colors are simply repeated in each level (sampling is off). Otherwise, RGB values are adjusted together, resulting in a gradient.


logical; if TRUE, seeds are adjusted on the scale of numeric xs. Otherwise, seeds are adjusted in even steps along numeric xs.


logical; if FALSE, assigns colors to numeric xs in increasing order.


value to replace missing values with.


A character vector of color codes, or a list of such vectors if flat if FALSE.


If x and by are not specified (or are characters with a length of 1, in which case they are treated as seed), only the seed palette is returned.

To expand on a palette, seed colors are assigned to groups, and variants of each seed are assigned to values or levels within groups, or randomly or as a gradient if there are no values or level to assign to.

Seed colors are assigned to groups. If x is a character or factor and no by has been specified, groups are the unique levels of x. If by is specified and is a character or factor, or has fewer than 10 unique levels, groups are levels of by. If x is a list, groups are list entries.

The number of variants for each seed color is determined either by a value (if the value has a length of 1; e.g., x=10), the vector's length (if x is numeric), or the count of the given level (if x is a factor or character vector).


# including no arguments or just a palette name will only return
# the palette as a character vector
pastel_palette <- splot.color()
dark_palette <- splot.color("dark")

# entering a number for x will generate that many variants of the first seed color
red_scale <- splot.color(10, "red")

# entering a list of values as x will return that many variants of the associated seed
red_and_green_scales <- splot.color(list(10, 10), seed = c("red", "green"))

# this shows gradients of each color in the default palette
# a list entered as colorby is treated as arguments to splot.color
# periods before the position name refer to the internally assembled data
  rep(splot.color(), each = 100) ~, 1, .01), 9),
  colorby = list(.x, .y),
  lines = FALSE, mar = c(2, 4, 0, 0), cex = c(points = 3), leg = FALSE, pch = 15,
  title = "'pastel' palette", labx = "value of x", laby = "seed color"

# colors graded by value, entered in a list
  1:30, numeric(30),
  pch = 15, cex = 10,
  col = splot.color(list(1:8, c(7:1, 1:7), 8:1))

# comparing sampling methods:
#   on top are 1000 similar colors, with different RGB ratios
#   on bottom are 268 colors with the same RGB ratio at different levels
  c(rnorm(1000), rnorm(1000, 10)) ~ rnorm(2000),
  lines = FALSE,
  colors = c(splot.color(1000), splot.color(1000, method = "related"))